Storm Event

Severity ? 2


A storm surge coincided with spring tide cause flooding in the coasts and estuaries in the southern parts of the English North Sea coast (Lamb, 1991). Records showed that gale reached its maximum force after suddenly changing direction from west to north (Gottschalk, 1975).


No known sources of information.

Receptor and Consequence

A storm surge impacted English counties of Essex and Kent on either side of the Thames Estuary. Much cattle and marshes of Essex, Kent, and Thanet were reported to have been drowned by the high tide (Hickey, 1997; Marusek, 2011). Major coastal flooding and dyke breaches was also reported in much larger scale in Flanders, the western parts of Brabant and North Brabant, Zeeland, and the islands of South Holland (Gottschalk, 1975).

Summary Table

Loss of life *
Residential property *
Evacuation & Rescue *
Cost *
Ports *
Transport *
Energy *
Public services *
Water & wastewater *
Livestock Cattle drowned.
Agricultural land *
Coastal erosion *
Natural environment Marshes drowned.
Cultural heritage *
Coastal defences *

*No known sources of information available


  1. Lamb, H. H. (1991). Historic Storms of the North Sea, British Isles and Northwest Europe. Cambridge University Press. Available at: 13 March 2015).
  2. Gottschalk M. K. E. (1975). Stormvloeden En Riveroverstromingen In Nederland Deel 2 – De Period 1400-1600. Assen: Van Gorcum.
  3. Hickey, K. R. (1997). Documentary records of coastal storms in Scotland, 1500-1991 A.D. Coventry University. Available at:
  4. Marusek, J. A. (2011). A Chronological Listing of Early Weather Events. SPPI Reprint Series. Available at: (Accessed: 6 August 2018).