The tide rose rapidly to a height possibly unprecedented in a century
This event is associated with a north-westerly gales, which reached an average velocity of 60.5 mph in Chelford (Symons, 1895).
Hickey (1997) reported of beaches made by the sea opposite Seabank and Sheuchan Mill in Stranraer, where there was extensive damage to parts of the wall. Waves ‘swept over’ the breakwater in Girvan. The River Yare overtopped its banks due to high tides (Symons, 1895).
Receptor and Consequence:
This event effected areas of Scotland, where low-lying properties were flooded, and roads were awash. Cairnryan Road was partially demolished by the force of the waters. The ‘unsubstantial’ sea wall in Stranraer was largely demolished, around East Pier, Port Rodie, Broadstone Road and Bowling Green Road. At Ladies Walk, the partially built sea wall was destroyed. The gardens of Waulkmill House, including one turnip field, were flooded which resulted in loss of loss of crop and a damaged wall (Hickey, 1997). Who (1894) reported of the loss of several hundred sheep in the marshes near Duddon sands. There was further flooding of the marshes in the Yare estuary (Symons, 1895).
Hickey (1997) and Symons (1895) refer to loss of life: “the loss of life is enormous,” and “considerable damage to life and property”, respectively. However, it is difficult to judge the reliability of these claims.
|Loss of life||*|
|Residential property||Flooding of property in Agnew Crescent and low-lying areas near Portpatrick harbour|
|Evacuation & Rescue||*|
|Transport||Roads flooded up to waist-height in Stranraer; Cairnryan Road from Bellevilla Road to Balyett was demolished. Roads flooded in Portpatrick and Kirkcolm|
|Water & wastewater||*|
|Livestock||Hundreds of sheep perished near Duddon Sands|
|Agricultural land||Turnip field flooded at Waulkmill House|
|Coastal defences||Sea wall in Stranraer proved ‘unsubstantial’.|
*No known sources of information available
- Symons, J. G. (1895). British Rainfall, 1894. Retrieved [05/09/2018] from https://digital.nmla.metoffice.gov.uk/file/sdb%3AdigitalFile%7C140c16e8-2b6f-419e-8d27-7c45ce14e94b/
- Hickey, K. R. (1997). Documentary records of coastal storms in Scotland, 1500-1991 A.D. Retrieved from https://curve.coventry.ac.uk/open/file/aa6dfd04-d53f-4741-1bb7-bdf99fb153be/1/hick1comb.pdf